Investigate physical properties of rocks and minerals, including those found in the local environment.
Indicators for this outcome

Pose questions about the properties of rocks and minerals (e.g., What is the difference between rocks and minerals? Where do we find rocks and minerals? Do rocks become minerals?).


Document the locations and characteristics of rocks that exist in their local environment.


Observe and record physical properties of rocks and minerals using appropriate terminology such as colour, lustre, hardness, cleavage, transparency, and crystal structure.


Use appropriate tools (e.g., hand lens, safety glasses, brush, rock pick, knife, measuring tape, and gloves) safely while making observations and collecting information on the physical properties of rocks and minerals.


Demonstrate respect for all components of their environment when observing and collecting rocks and minerals (e.g., do not remove rocks and minerals from private property without permission).


Demonstrate processes for testing the hardness of minerals, including reference to guides such as Moh's scale of mineral hardness.


Record observations of rocks and minerals using jot notes, labelled diagrams, and charts.


Compare the physical properties of rocks and minerals from the local environment with those from other geological areas.


Develop a classification scheme to organize their understanding of rocks and minerals.


Account for any variation between their classification schemes of rocks and minerals and those of classmates, Elders, traditional knowledge keepers, geologists, or other resources.


Differentiate between rocks and minerals.


Develop simple generalizations about the physical characteristics of rocks and minerals based on observation and research.

Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. Student Edition
Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4 is custom published for Saskatchewan and developed by a team of Saskatchewan teachers. Each unit starts with a list of "Big Ideas" that set the focus for the unit. A Big Idea then provides the title for each section in the unit. Throughout the unit, opportunities are provided for students to work together, communicate ideas, perform experiments and carry out library and Internet research. Key vocabulary is bolded throughout the unit and an explanation of each te...
(More information)
•  Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. SMART Notebook Lessons
•  Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. Teacher's Resource Kit
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $79.27
Record posted/updated: October 13, 2019
Hands-on Science Grade 4: An Inquiry Approach (WNCP ed.)
This new edition contains easy-to-follow lesson plans that incorporate an inquiry-based approach to learning. The student-centred activities also include ideas for integrating Indigenous knowledge, multicultural connections and real-world applications into each lesson. The four units contained in the resource are: Habitats and Communities; Light; Sound and Rocks, Minerals, and Erosion.
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $124.00
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018
Adventures in Sand
Baird examines how sand is made, how sand is used in everyday life and how sand can provide clues to the past. Students will learn that erosion and decay can form sand and that sand comes in many colours, such as Prince Edward Island's distinct red sand. The book includes many photographs of various sand types and a table of contents.
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $12.95
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018
This video examines rocks. Students are introduced to the general characteristics of rocks and the components of rock classification. The three major rock types are igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks and metamorphic rocks. The program discusses the characteristics and origins of the three major types of rocks.
Media and Formats : CD/DVD Video
Price : $79.95 USD
Record posted/updated: December 3, 2021
In this video program, students learn about minerals and the role minerals play in our lives. Minerals are made up of two or more elements and are found in nature. Students learn how minerals are classified and how some minerals look the same, but have different properties. A teacher's guide is available.
Media and Formats : CD/DVD
Price : $135.00
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018