Analyze how weathering, erosion, and fossils provide evidence to support human understanding of the formation of landforms on Earth.
Indicators for this outcome

Construct a visual representation of the diversity of landscapes and landforms throughout Saskatchewan, including those that have significance for First Nations and Métis people.


Examine the effects of natural phenomena (e.g., tidal wave, flash flood, hurricane, tornado, earthquake, mud slide, forest fire, avalanche, and meteor impact) that cause rapid and significant changes to the landscape.


Explain how rocks can be classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic based on the processes by which they form.


Discuss practices and techniques (e.g., mulching, crop rotation, strip farming, windbreaks, terracing, and sediment basins) for minimizing and controlling erosion locally and in communities around the world.


Design and construct a prototype of a system for minimizing and controlling gravitational, water, shoreline, ice, or wind erosion in a given situation.


Evaluate both a prototype of a personally constructed system for minimizing and controlling erosion and the use of prototypes in science for modelling natural phenomena.


Describe possible short- and long-term effects of wind, water, and ice on local, national, and global landscapes (e.g., sandy beaches, coastline erosion, rounded rock formations, sand dunes, river deltas, glacial deposits, and cracks in rocks).


Predict the effects of weathering on various landforms (e.g., butte, cliff, cave, valley, river, waterfall, and beach) in Saskatchewan.


Suggest explanations of how soils form from rocks, including the roles of wind, water, and biological processes (e.g., decomposition of plant and animal matter, and growth of plant roots play) over time.


Create models of different types (e.g., amber, imprint, cast, and mould) of plant and animal fossils.


Discuss how fossils and the fossil record provide evidence of Earth's history, including the formation of various landforms.


Predict the types of plant or animal fossils that would be found in Saskatchewan landforms in the past, present, and future.


Explain how scientists develop explanations of natural phenomena based on observations and data.


Pose new questions about Saskatchewan landforms based on what was learned.

Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. Student Edition
Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4 is custom published for Saskatchewan and developed by a team of Saskatchewan teachers. Each unit starts with a list of "Big Ideas" that set the focus for the unit. A Big Idea then provides the title for each section in the unit. Throughout the unit, opportunities are provided for students to work together, communicate ideas, perform experiments and carry out library and Internet research. Key vocabulary is bolded throughout the unit and an explanation of each te...
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•  Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. SMART Notebook Lessons
•  Pearson Saskatchewan Science 4. Teacher's Resource Kit
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $79.27
Record posted/updated: October 13, 2019
Hands-on Science Grade 4: An Inquiry Approach (WNCP ed.)
This new edition contains easy-to-follow lesson plans that incorporate an inquiry-based approach to learning. The student-centred activities also include ideas for integrating Indigenous knowledge, multicultural connections and real-world applications into each lesson. The four units contained in the resource are: Habitats and Communities; Light; Sound and Rocks, Minerals, and Erosion.
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $124.00
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018
Adventures in Sand
Baird examines how sand is made, how sand is used in everyday life and how sand can provide clues to the past. Students will learn that erosion and decay can form sand and that sand comes in many colours, such as Prince Edward Island's distinct red sand. The book includes many photographs of various sand types and a table of contents.
Media and Formats : Book
Price : $12.95
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018
Concentus Citizenship Education Resources. Grade 4: The Intentional & Explicit Teaching of Essential Citizenship Competencies
Students will extend their exploration of rules and societal order to the workings of the various governing systems in Saskatchewan, including First Nations and Métis governance and provincial governance structures. Students will begin to understand the impact of the differing levels of government and understand the connections between varying levels of responsibility.
Media and Formats : Document
Price : Free
Record posted/updated: January 25, 2019
Weathering and Erosion
This program illustrates the everyday, real-life processes of weathering and erosion. Easy-to-understand examples of weathering help students differentiate between the processes of mechanical and chemical weathering. Vivid footage of processes such as freezing, thawing, condensation, and rusting help students grasp how weathering works. Erosion, the process by which materials are transported from one place to another, is addressed via action-oriented footage. Important terminology includes: m...
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Media and Formats : CD/DVD
Price : $49.95
Record posted/updated: November 28, 2018