Relate key aspects of Indigenous knowledge to their understanding of ecosystems. (CP)
Observe, illustrate, and analyze living organisms within local ecosystems as part of interconnected food webs, populations, and communities. (SI)
Evaluate biogeochemical cycles (water, carbon, and nitrogen) as representations of energy flow and the cycling of matter through ecosystems. (CP, SI)
Analyze how ecosystems change in response to natural and human influences, and propose actions to reduce the impact of human behaviour on a specific ecosystem. (DM, CP)
Distinguish between pure substances and mixtures (mechanical mixtures and solutions) using the particle model of matter. (SI, CP)
Investigate methods of separating the components of mechanical mixtures and solutions, and analyze the impact of industrial and agricultural applications of those methods. (SI, TPS)
Investigate the properties and applications of solutions, including solubility and concentration. (SI, DM)
Assess the impact of past and current heating and cooling technologies related to food, clothing, and shelter on self, society, and the environment. (TPS, DM, CP)
Explain how understanding differences between states of matter and the effect of heat on changes in state provide evidence for the particle theory. (SI)
Investigate principles and applications of heat transfer via the processes of conduction, convection, and radiation. (SI)
Analyze societal and environmental impacts of historical and current catastrophic geological events, and scientific understanding of movements and forces within Earth's crust. (SI)
Identify locations and processes used to extract Earth's geological resources and examine the impacts of those locations and processes on society and the environment. (SI, DM, CP)
Investigate the characteristics and formation of the surface geology of Saskatchewan, including soil, and identify correlations between surface geology and past, present, and possible future land uses. (DM, SI)