Analyze the characteristics of cells, and compare structural and functional characteristics of plant and animal cells.
Demonstrate proficiency in the use of a compound light microscope to observe plant and animal cells.
Distinguish structural and functional relationships among cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems in humans and how this knowledge is important to various careers.
Analyze how the interdependence of organ systems contributes to the healthy functioning of the human body.
Identify and describe, through experimentation, sources and properties of visible light including:
  • rectilinear propagation
  • reflection
  • refraction.
Explore properties and applications of optics-related technologies, including concave and convex mirrors and lenses.
Compare the nature and properties of human vision with optical devices and vision in other living organisms.
Evaluate the impact of electromagnetic radiation-based technologies on self and community.
Investigate and represent the density of solids, liquids, and gases based on the particle theory of matter.
Examine the effects of forces in and on objects in fluids, including the buoyant force.
Investigate and describe physical properties of fluids (liquids and gases), including viscosity and compressibility.
Identify and interpret the scientific principles underlying the functioning of natural and constructed fluid systems.
Analyze the impact of natural and human-induced changes to the characteristics and distribution of water in local, regional, and national ecosystems.
Examine how wind, water, and ice have shaped and continue to shape the Canadian landscape.
Analyze natural factors and human practices that affect productivity and species distribution in marine and fresh water environments.